Diabetes Management Specialist

Engliberta R Santos, MD -  - Internal Medicine

Engliberta R Santos, MD

Internal Medicine & Primary Care Physician located in Woodside, Queens, NY

The severe complications and troubling symptoms related to diabetes can seem challenging or unbearable at times, but internal medicine physician Engilberta R. Santos, MD, is here to help. At her private practice in Woodside, Queens, New York, she has extensive experience diagnosing, treating, and managing different types of diabetes. To schedule your personal diabetes management consultation, call Engilberta R. Santos, MD.

Diabetes Management Q&A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes refers to a cluster of related conditions that significantly impact how your body utilizes blood sugar (glucose). If you have diabetes, you have excess glucose circulating in your bloodstream. Glucose is an energy source for your body. 

Your pancreas produces a hormone called insulin. As you consume sugar and foods that turn into sugar inside your body, your pancreas releases the insulin hormone to help manage and store the sugar in your cells. This helps you effectively and safely use this sugar for energy.

If you have diabetes, your pancreas either isn’t creating enough insulin or your body isn’t using it effectively.

How is diabetes categorized?

Diabetes is categorized into different types, mainly Type 1 and Type 2.

Type 1 diabetes

Typically, your immune system is supposed to fight off harmful bacteria and viruses. With Type 1 diabetes, your immune system begins attacking the pancreatic cells that produce insulin.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is more common with aging. With Type 2 diabetes, your body gradually becomes resistant to the insulin hormone until, eventually, your pancreas can’t produce enough insulin to overcome the resistance.


Over time, prediabetes can develop into Type 2 diabetes. When your blood sugar levels are above average, but not high enough to be diabetes, you have prediabetes. You should think of prediabetes as a warning that your blood sugar levels need to be managed and controlled to prevent diabetes from developing in the future.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Fatigue
  • Frequent urination
  • Irritability
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Excessive thirst and hunger
  • Vision problems

Many people with diabetes are more prone to infections, such as gum, vaginal, or skin infections.

What causes diabetes?

The exact causes of diabetes aren’t always clear, and multiple factors might play a role, such as:

  • Obesity
  • Aging
  • Inactivity
  • Genetics
  • Hormones
  • Family history 

Certain medical conditions might also be involved with the development or onset of diabetes, including polycystic ovarian syndrome, hypertension, and autoimmune diseases.

What are the complications of diabetes?

Diabetes can lead to serious complications without proper medical care and management, such as:

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Nerve damage
  • Alzheimer’s disease

Diabetes can damage your skin, feet, eyes, kidneys, and hearing.

How is diabetes treated?

Dr. Santos might suggest various treatments to help you with your diabetes, such as:

  • Insulin and oral medications
  • Blood sugar monitoring
  • Lifestyle changes

Dr. Santos works with you to improve your metabolic health, lifestyle, and quality of life.

For the assistance of an experienced diabetes specialist, call Engilberta R. Santos, MD.